❥❥ HISTORY OF HOCKEY...Canada is widely known as the birthplace of hockey. The Hockey Hall of Fame is located in Toronto, Canada. According to the National Sports of Canada Act (S.C. 1994, c. 16) ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. It was born in this land of ice and snow, and it defines the country unlike anything else. So many children grow up wanting to be hockey stars that a book, “The Hockey Sweater,” was written about it (by French-Canadian author Roch Carrier). The Bank of Canada featured a quote from Carrier’s story on its then newly launched $5 bill in 2002. “Hockey Night in Canada” made its national debut on CBC television in 1952 and it is still a major Saturday-night tradition during the winter for millions of Canadians.
The word "hockey" likely comes from "hook," referring to the shape of the end of the stick. What is not known is exactly when and where in Canada hockey was born. The general theory is that settlers brought the idea of stick and ball games with them (such as the Irish game “hurling”). The Society for International Hockey Research tried to get to the bottom of this mystery and “found evidence of stick and ball games played on ice on skates in Europe in the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries.” It appears these games were adapted by Aboriginal peoples, who created similar games on ice using wood pucks.
The earliest recorded reference, according to the Canadian Museum of Civilization, is in the journal of Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin, where he notes that “on October 25, 1825, men from his party skated and played hockey on Great Bear Lake.”
Once invented, the sport quickly spread across Canada. The first organized men’s indoor game was played at Montreal’s Victoria Skating Rink in 1875. Women embraced it as well. The official encyclopaedia of the NHL, “Total Hockey,” places the first official women’s hockey game in Ottawa in 1889, where the Government House team defeated the Rideau ladies team. By the turn of the century, women were shooting pucks on rinks all across Canada, decked out in wool skirts, turtleneck sweaters, hats and gloves.
The Governor General of Canada, Lord Stanley of Preston, was such a big fan of the sport he donated a trophy, known today as the Stanley Cup. The first winner was the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association in 1893. Five thousand people attended the first Stanley Cup finals. (Exactly one hundred years later, on the Cup’s anniversary, the Montreal Canadiens beat the Los Angeles Kings; this was the last Cup won by a Canadian team).
By the 1890s, almost every Canadian community had its own team. The sport was then further organized with the help of the formation of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada in 1886, followed by the creation of The National Hockey League (NHL) in 1917.
Hockey debuted at the Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, in 1924, where Canada won gold. The Canadian team won the top spot again in 1932 at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. A historic year for hockey was 1998, when NHL players were allowed to play as members of Canada's Olympic hockey teams. Canada went 50 years without a gold medal, before winning two in 2002 (men’s and women’s), and followed it up with one more in 2010. The debate as to who is Canada’s greatest player ever continues to this day, but names like Gordie Howe, Bobby Orr, and Wayne Gretzky are ever-present – as is the game itself throughout each province and territory in Canada.
❥ HOCKEY FUN FACTS ❥
1. Unlike baseball or basketball, the origins of ice hockey are murky, at best. While some say a version of the game was played by the French and Irish as far back as the 1700s, others claim it was invented in the mid-1800s when Canadians with homemade sticks would skate on frozen ponds in Ontario.
2. The first organized indoor hockey game was played March 3, 1875 at Montreal’s Victoria Skating Rink, between two teams of nine players each, many of whom were McGill University students.
3. Chicago Blackhawks Hall of Famer Stan Mikita is most often credited with the creation of the curved stick blade in the 1960s — all blades were previously straight — though many others, including fellow Hall of Fame forward Andy Bathgate, also claim to have curved their sticks as far back as the 1930s and ’40s.
4. The National Hockey League (NHL) was founded on November 22, 1917.
5. The Montreal Canadiens have won the most Stanley Cups in league history, with 23. The most recent came in 1993.
6. The diameter of a hockey puck is three inches.
7. The fastest slapshot on record is Bobby Hull’s, which registered 118 miles per hour.
8. Since 1914, the Stanley Cup has been awarded in every year but two. In 1919, it was not awarded after members of the Montreal Canadiens were stricken with sickness during the Spanish flu pandemic, and in 2005, it was not handed out after the season was cancelled due to a lockout/work stoppage.
9. Darryl Sittler holds the NHL record for most points in a single game, with 10. He scored five goals and had five assists on February 6, 1976, helping his Toronto Maple Leafs defeat the Boston Bruins.
10. The standard North American ice rink is 200 feet long and 85 feet wide.
11. Wayne Gretzky holds 61 NHL records, the most by far of any player.
12. The Stanley Cup has had many adventures since its creation in 1893. Through the years, it has been used as a cereal bowl, accidentally left by the side of the road, tossed into a swimming pool and even lost, like luggage, on a 2010 flight from New Jersey to Vancouver. It was later recovered by an Air Canada employee.
13. The Hockey Hall of Fame is located in Toronto, Ontario.
14. Phil Esposito of the Boston Bruins was the first NHL player to record 100 points in a season, in 1969.
15. Before 1914, referees used to place the puck on the ice between the players’ sticks for faceoffs. This led to many cuts, bruises and even broken hands for the referees. Starting in 1914, the referees were allowed to drop the puck between the players’ sticks.
16. Before games, hockey pucks are frozen to prevent them from bouncing during play.
17. The last player in the NHL to play without a helmet was Craig MacTavish, who retired in 1997.
18. Montreal Canadiens goaltender Jacques Plante is credited with being the creator of the modern goalie mask. He wore a face mask during a game on November 1, 1959. Clint Benedict also wore a leather mask for a few games in 1930.
19. The NHL record for most goals in a game is owned by Joe Malone, who scored seven times for the Quebec Bulldogs against the Toronto St. Pats on January 31, 1920.
20. The first hockey puck, used during outdoor pickup games in the 1800s, was reportedly made of frozen cow dung.
21. Regulation hockey nets are six feet wide and four feet tall.
22. The Stanley Cup is named after a former Canadian Governor General, Lord Stanley of Preston, who donated the trophy in 1893.
23. Maple Leaf Gardens — former home of the Toronto Maple Leafs — became the first arena to have a four-sided game clock, in 1932.
24. In Detroit, fans often throw octopi on the ice during the playoffs, when the Red Wings score. The tradition dates back to the Original Six era, when it only took eight wins — one for every octopus tentacle — to capture the Stanley Cup.
25. In 1992, goalie Manon Rhéaume became the first woman to play in the NHL, suiting up for the Tampa Bay Lightning during an exhibition game.
26. Goalies cannot carry — or even touch — the puck on the opposite side of the centre line.
27. The 1956 Montreal Canadiens team featured 12 future Hall of Famers.
28. Paul Coffey of the Edmonton Oilers set an NHL record for defencemen with 37 points in the 1985 playoffs.
29. The layer of ice in a pro hockey rink is usually three-quarters of an inch thick and is kept at a temperature of -9 degrees Celsius.
30. The original Stanley Cup was only seven inches high.
31. The Anaheim Ducks — originally called the Anaheim Mighty Ducks — were named after the team in the Disney movie, The Mighty Ducks.
32. In 1971, the Boston Bruins signed Bobby Orr to a five-year deal worth $200,000 per season —the first million dollar contract in NHL history.
33. The first NHL goal was scored on December 19, 1917 by Dave Ritchie of the Montreal Wanderers against the Toronto Arenas.
34. Former Philadelphia Flyers goalie Ron Hextall was the first goaltender to score a goal by shooting the puck into the other team’s net.
35. Frank Zamboni invented the first self-propelled ice-clearing machine, in 1949.
36. In the 1974 NHL Draft, Buffalo Sabres GM Punch Imlach decided to fool the media and league officials by drafting Taro Tsujimoto of the Japanese Hockey League’s Tokyo Katanas. Trouble was, neither Tsujimoto nor his team was real. The pick was later stricken from the records.
37. Twelve women have their names engraved on the Stanley Cup, either as owners or team executives.
38. The tradition of fans waving white towels during playoff games was started when then–Vancouver Canucks coach Roger Neilson waved a towel on the end of a stick at a referee during a game in 1982, as a cheeky sign that he was giving up after a number of questionable calls.
39. Andy Brown was the last goaltender to play a game without a mask, doing so with the Pittsburgh Penguins in 1974.
40. Prior to the 1927-28 season, forward passes were not allowed in hockey.
❥ HOCKEY FUN FACTS ❥No one can definitively say they know for certain when hockey was invented. Some claim it could go back to the 1700’s. While that date has hardly been etched in stone, we can look at the first indoor hockey game that was ever organized. This dates back to the 1800’s — March 3rd, 1875 to be exact. The location was in Montreal at the Victoria Skating Rink. Not only was this rink used for the first indoor hockey game, it was also the location of the first Stanley Cup playoff games in 1894.
2) The Stanley Cup has been around longer then the NHL. The Stanley Cup was created in 1893, while the NHL was established in 1917 — quick math says that’s a 24-year difference. The Stanley Cup was named after Canadian Governor General Lord Stanley of Preston, who donated the trophy. The trophy at the time was only seven inches high.